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Answer each question separately.
Identify the risk factors for the development of CAD and atrial fibrillation in the older adult. Understand the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and pharmacological agents used in the treatment of various causes of congestive heart failure. Identify the common types of peripheral vascular disease, diagnostic studies utilized, and treatment options available. Identify individual risk factors and clinical management necessary to avoid stroke-related injury in the older adult. Interpret diagnostic testing used in pulmonary diseases of the elderly. Identify the signs/symptoms, diagnosis and clinical management of the older adults with pulmonary disease.