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Assignment Type: Research Essay Essay topic: “Punitive approaches maintain the status quo; innovative approaches facilitate change”. Critically analyse, with reference to criminal justice in Australia Essay Structure/Outline Paragraph 1: The Current Status Quo In Australia - Please include the following information in this section 1) The current imprisonment rate in Australia 2) the current recidivism rate in Australia Paragraph 2: Punitive Response to crime: Prisons & Imprisonment - Please include the following information in this section: 1) The definition of Imprisonment/Prisons 2) Weaknesses of Prisons 3) To what extent does imprisonment achieves sentencing aims (Including Rehabilitation, Protection of the community & deterrence) Paragraph 3: Punitive Response to crime: policies - Please include the following information in this section: 1) what is Suspended sentences? 2) The Strengths and weaknesses of Suspended sentences 3) How has the abolishment of suspended sentence impacted the criminal justice system and prison system. Paragraph 4: Innovative Responses to crime: Restorative Justice - Please include the following information in this paragraph: 1) a definition of Restorative Justice 2) what are the ideals/aims of restorative justice? 3) The strength and weaknesses of restorative Justice (Please include 2x strengths & 2x weaknesses) Strength 1: Restore Victims Strength 2: Reduce Crime Directly (Please Note that a discussion of the above 2 strength can be found in the journal article titled `Encourage Restorative Justice` by John Braithwaite) Please use this resource to reference the discussion on the strengths of restorative justice. Weakness 1: The problem of Definition Weakness 2: Displacement (Please Note that a discussion of the above 2 weaknesses can be found in the journal article titled `Four challenges in the future of restorative justice` by William R. Wood & Masahiro Susuki) Please use this resource to reference the discussion on the strengths of restorative justice. Paragraph 5: Innovative Responses to crime: Justice reinvestment - Please include the following information in this paragraph: 1) A definition of Justice reinvestment 2) The strengths and weakness of Justice reinvestment Conclusion - Please include the following information in this section: 1) A statement that reinforces the essay topic 2) A recommendation for the improvement of the criminal justice system 3) and finally a statement which states where further research is needed Essay instructions 1) please ensure that the essay is written in the SAME formate/structure as the outline above. 2) please ensure that the subheadings i have developed above are utilised through out the essay. 3) Please use the resources i have attached below 4) essay should include 10-12 resources 5) please ensure that all information used from resources are Australian based Thank you in advance for you help.