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Climate variations are normal, cyclical processes.
The sun may be putting out more radiation then in the measurable past.
Sunspot activity demonstrates cyclical patterns of activity.
Average temperatures worldwide have actually been dropping slightly.
Question 2.2. (TCO 2) The realist-constructionist debate in
environmental sociology is characterized by differences in materialist
versus idealist explanations of social life. Which of the following
distinguishes a constructionist perspective on environment problems?
(Points : 5)
Environmental problems need to be understood in terms of the threats posed by society’s current ecological relations.
There is no difference between the realist and constructionist approaches to environmental problems-they are in agreement.
The way we conceptualize and define environmental problems is a key focus.
Constructionists do not believe that we have environmental problems, rather the concerns are all constructed by alarmists.
Question 3.3. (TCO 3) The 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded
to three scientists whose work led to discovery of the causes for the
thinning of the earth’s atmosphere by chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). Which
of the following was NOT one of these scientists? (Points : 5)
Question 4.4. (TCO 4) Who is/was the “original affluent society” according to Marshall Sahlins? (Points : 5)
The aristocracy of Europe and Asia
Wealthy Western capitalists
Question 5.5. (TCO 5) The hau of material objects refers to: (Points : 5)
superstitious belief in animate objects.
the utility of material objects that serve our interests.
sentimental connections and social relationships embodied in things.
the respect we have for tools and technologies created by humans.
Question 6.6. (TCO 6) According to your text, automobiles are
implicated in which of the following environmental problems? (Points :
Reduced fertility in animal species
All of the above
Question 7.7. (TCO 7) According to Malthus, population grows: (Points : 5)
incrementally, in fits and starts.
at a steady, measured pace.
Question 8.8. (TCO 7) Which of the following does Sen claim will NOT insure food availability? (Points : 5)
Dependable food imports
Question 9.9. (TCO 3) What percentage of the world’s original forests remain? (Points : 5)
Question 10.10. (TCO 5) What is the average number of traffic deaths each year in the U.S.? (Points : 5)
Well over 100,000
Question 1. 1. (TCO 1) Define environmental sociology and what
environmental sociologists study. If you were an environmental
sociologist, explain your daily day. Compare and contrast how
environmental sociologists differ from other types of sociologists.
(Points : 30)
Question 2. 2. (TCO 2) Describe the environments impact on race,
poverty, and disempowerment. Explain how this impacts human inequality
and how it creates a community of haves and have nots. Compare and
contrast some ways you would solve some of these issues of inequality.
(Points : 30)
Question 3. 3. (TCO 4) Describe what materialism is and how someone
can be materialistic. Give a few detailed examples. Identify why
environmental sociologists are so interested in studying materialism.
What are some ways our society can be less materialistic? What are some
of the positives and negatives of materialism? (Points : 30)
Question 4. 4. (TCO 6) Describe green technology, and give a few
examples of green technology currently being used in our society. Also,
describe how green technology can be used to make our society more
sustainable. Pick one form of green technology and describe in detail
how it produces energy more cleanly compared to petroleum sources.
(Points : 30)
Question 5. 5. (TCO 7) Describe in detail our population’s impact on
the environment. Provide a few detailed examples. Also, compare and
contrast population rates in different parts of the world. Which areas
are increasing more than others, and why? Do you think the human
population will continue to always increase? (Points : 30)
Final Exam – Page 1
Question 1.1. (TCO 8) As the Ojibwa people of Grassy Narrows found
out, the symptoms of methyl mercury poisoning mimic the effects of:
(Points : 5)
None of the above
Question 2.2. (TCO 8) In Melanie Dupuis’s phrase NIMB, the B stands for: (Points : 5)
Question 3.3. (TCO 8) A University of Massachusetts study refutes
claims of pervasive environmental racism. Which of the following
statements characterizes how this study was conducted? (Points : 5)
The study was funded by the largest U. S. handler of toxic waste.
The study excluded poor rural areas where a high percentage of minorities reside.
The study excluded many areas where toxic waste landfills are located.
All of the above
Question 4.4. (TCO 8) Ulrich Beck argues that the driving force
behind the risk society can be characterized by which of the following
statements? (Points : 5)
I am hungry.
I am angry.
I am lonely.
I am afraid.
Question 5.5. (TCO 8) Horizontal knowledge gaps are: (Points : 5)
gaps between experts and other experts.
gaps between experts and non experts.
gaps between professors and students.
gaps between parents and children.
Question 6.6. (TCO 8) Dialogue: (Points : 5)
can help us to trust the experts more.
can help us find more certainly in life.
can help us renew faith in science.
can help us be more certain about our decisions.
Question 7.7. (TCO 9) The most important feature of the carnivalesque body is: (Points : 5)
it is a source of bathroom humor.
it is forever interacting and exchanging with the natural world.
it is the source of our individualism.
it is dirty, indecent, and obscene.
Question 8.8. (TCO 9) Which of the following is a key characteristic of patriarchal dualisms? (Points : 5)
They are never gendered.
They reflect gradients on a continuum.
They always imply a hierarchy or moral judgment.
They reflect the interdependence between categories.
Question 9.9. (TCO 9) Through an ethnographic study of an English village, the author
of our text demonstrates that: (Points : 5)
patriarchal stereotypes may be internalized.
the British are more environmentally sensitive than Americans.
patriarchal dualisms are peculiar to American attitudes on the environment.
men describe natural experiences using “metaphors of nurturing.”
Question 10.10. (TCO 9) The poetry of the Roman Horace is used by the author to illustrate what point? (Points : 5)
The moral superiority of environmental attitudes of the early Romans
The debate that raged as early as 20 BCE regarding the ethics of human transformation of the environment
The environmental destruction of lands conquered during Roman expansion
The power of poetry to express appreciation for the environment