0% Plagiarism Guaranteed & Custom Written

a. Name the parts of the axial and appendicular skeleton

01 / 10 / 2021 Medical

This paper circulates around the core theme of a. Name the parts of the axial and appendicular skeleton together with its essential aspects. It has been reviewed and purchased by the majority of students thus, this paper is rated 4.8 out of 5 points by the students. In addition to this, the price of this paper commences from £ 99. To get this paper written from the scratch, order this assignment now. 100% confidential, 100% plagiarism-free.

Task 1: Understand the structure of the skeletal system and its functional role.

Explain the structure and functions of the skeletal system (1.1).  See Attachment 
To achieve this criterion you need to:
1.    Obtain a diagram of the human skeleton and label it clearly
a.    Name the parts of the axial and appendicular skeleton 
b.    Describe and explain the difference between the male pelvis and the female pelvis
2.    Give five functions of the skeleton
3.    Explain how the skeleton allows movement and protects the internal organs
4.    State how the bones are held in place in the body

Task 2: Understand the structure of joints

Name the main types of joints in the human body giving an example of each (2.1).
To achieve this criterion you need to answer the questions:
1.    What is a joint?
2.    Describe the main types of joints in the human body (e.g. a fixed joint) and give an example where each may be found.
3.    What are ligaments?
4.    Describe the main function of ligaments.

Explain the type of movement each joint allows and relate this to the position of the joint in the body (2.2).
To achieve this criterion you need to explain the type of movement each joint allows (e.g. hinge) and relate this to the position of the joint in the body (where each may be found).



Explain the structure of a synovial joint (2.3).
To achieve this criterion you need to:
1.    Label the diagram using the following words: bone, capsule, articular cartilage, synovial fluid, synovial membrane.

2.    Name three factors which enable the bones of a synovial joint to move smoothly.


Explain the cause, symptoms and treatment for a named joint disorder (2.4).
To achieve this criterion you need to answer the questions:
1.    What is osteo-arthritis?
2.    What causes it?
3.    What happens to the joint surfaces?
4.    What are the symptoms of arthritis?
5.    How is it treated?




Task 3: Understand the structure and function of muscle.

Explain the criteria for naming skeletal muscles (3.1).
To achieve this criterion you need to explain the difference between striated (skeletal - voluntary), smooth (involuntary) and cardiac muscle.

Explain how the structure of skeletal muscle relates to its function (3.2).
To achieve this criterion you need to:
1.    Draw diagrams of skeletal muscle to show the general shape and a cross section through it.
2.    Why is a muscle thicker in the centre?
3.    How are muscles linked to the brain?
4.    Describe what happens when a muscle receives a message from the brain to contract.





Explain the sliding filament theory of muscle contraction (3.3) and explain the structure of a neuromuscular junction in relation to its function (3.4).

To achieve these criteria you need to watch the You Tube clip on the sliding filament theory of muscle contraction and summarise it using your own words and diagrams. 

Ensure that you include diagrams of a neuromuscular junction and explain its function/how it works. 

The clip can be found using the QR code on the right using a QR reader on your phone or tablet.


Task 4: Understand the structure and function of the nervous system.
To achieve this criterion you need to answer the following questions:
1.    What is the function of the nervous system?
2.    What does CNS stand for?
3.    Name the two parts of the CNS.
4.    Using a diagram, show how the CNS is protected.
5.    What is the difference between grey and white matter?
6.    Draw a section through the spinal cord to show the grey and white matter.
7.    What is a ganglion?
8.    How many pairs of nerves leave the CNS?
9.    How many of these pairs are connected to the brain and spinal cord?

Explain the structure and functions of motor and sensory neurones (4.1).
To achieve this criterion you need to answer the following questions:
1.    What does a nerve consist of?
2.    Draw a section through a nerve.
3.    Using diagrams, give the differences between the three types of neurone: motor nerves, sensory nerves and mixed nerves.
4.    Describe the cell body of a neurone.
5.    What is the difference between dendrites and axons?
6.    Where is the myelin sheath found?
7.    What is the function of the myelin sheath?
8.    What condition arises as a result of a breakdown of the myelin sheath (autoimmune disease)?

Explain a reflex arc involving three neurones (4.2).
To achieve this criterion you need to answer the following questions:
1.    What is an impulse?
2.    Where are impulses started?
3.    Draw a diagram to show the direction of an impulse through a neurone.
4.    Name two factors which affect the speed at which impulses travel.
5.    What happens when impulses reach the end of a neurone?
6.    What is a reflex arc?
7.    What is a reflex action?
8.    Draw a diagram to show the pattern of a reflex action.

Explain how an action potential passes along an axon (4.3).

To achieve this criterion you need to watch the You Tube clip on action potentials and summarise how an action potential passes along an axon using your own words and diagrams. 

The clip can be found using the QR code on the right using a QR reader on your phone or tablet.

Explain how a nerve impulse crosses a synapse (4.4).
To achieve this criterion you need to answer the following questions:
1.    What is a synapse?
2.    Draw diagrams to show how an impulse crosses the gap at a synapse.



International House, 12 Constance Street, London, United Kingdom,
E16 2DQ

Company # 11483120

Benefits You Get

  • Free Turnitin Report
  • Unlimited Revisions
  • Installment Plan
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Plagiarism Free Guarantee
  • 100% Confidentiality
  • 100% Satisfaction Guarantee
  • 100% Money-Back Guarantee
  • On-Time Delivery Guarantee
FLAT 25% OFF ON EVERY ORDER. Use "FLAT25" as your promo code during checkout