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1. Explain the actions to take if there are suspicions that an individual is being abused?

01 / 10 / 2021 Assignment

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Pearson BTEC Level 3 certificate in preparing to work in adult social care (QCF)

1.      Physical Abuse - Physical abuse is any intentional and unwanted contact with you or something close to your body. The signs and symptoms of physical abuse can include being punched, bitten, strangled or even kicked. This type of behaviour causes bruising and pain and is rather unhealthy for someone. Moreover, the factors that may include to an individual being more vulnerable to physical abuse can be isolation or being vulnerable. This can cause an individual too not socialise with anyone and they would simply think/feel worthless too anyone who thinks that that they are better than them.


Sexual abuse – Sexual abuse involves touching activities, and this is when an abuser attempts to make physical contact with you by physically touching any part of the body where the individual would feel uncomfortable. It can involve rape, forcing someone to take part in sexual activity or masturbation. The signs and symptoms of sexual abuse could be that children begin to watch pornography at a young age, cuts and bleeding around vaginal area. The factors that may include to an individual being more vulnerable to sexual abuse can be emotional stress and that can be poor self-esteem, avoiding relationships or possibly not greeting people handshakes or hugging. Also, anxiety and stress can be very common signs and symptoms of sexual abuse.


Emotional/psychological abuse – Psychological abuse is when someone tells you that you are worthless, telling them that they are weak and cannot look after themselves this can then cause self-neglect on the individual. The signs and symptoms of psychological abuse are - isolation keeping yourself locked up in a room or house, not socialising, self-harm, mood swings every so often and feeling rather miserable. The factors that may contribute to an individual being vulnerable from emotional/psychological abuse are that they will always feel worthless and will not speak with their family members or friends about problems or issues they have. There would be a lack of trust worthiness and interrogation by questions from people.


Financial abuse – Financial abuse is when someone attempts to unlawfully attain your assets e.g. properties, money and bank statements. Signs and symptoms of financial abuse can be signs of distress, tearfulness, anger, insomnia and low self-esteem. The factors that may contribute to an individual being more from financial abuse can be stopping you from getting/keeping your job, not allowing you to spend on yourself as well as your family members and running up debts in your name.


Institutional abuse – Institutional abuse can be a range of acts similar too home based child abuse, such as neglect, physical abuse and unfair behaviour. It can normally occur within foster homes and residential homes. The signs and symptoms of institutional abuse are clients not getting satisfactory standards of care, i.e. being hungry or dehydrated, misuse of medication also not offering choice or promoting independence. The factors that may contribute from an individual being more vulnerable from institutional abuse can be would have to depend on others and not do things independently. Also, people feeling lonely and neglected within their own homes.


Self-neglect – Self-neglect is when a person fails to take care of themselves as this can have a negative impact on them because they will become depressed, have poor health and not able to look after themselves as they will continue to self-neglect. The signs and symptoms of self-neglect are that individuals will not feel cared for and would neglect themselves, another sign is poor personal hygiene, hazardous and unsafe living conditions. The factors that may contribute from an individual from self-neglect includes the person’s wellbeing, and personal hygiene and health surrounding are too be of high standards otherwise they will be unhappy and would not continue to stay in the care setting.


Neglect by others – This is failure to provide the exact care standards and assistance too service users e.g. leaving them unsupervised, not providing meals/medication on time. The signs and symptoms of neglect by others can be e.g. personal care, if personal care is not carried out and the client is unclean and unsatisfied with the job you have done this can be a form of neglect. However, unsafe living conditions e.g. no heat, running water or faulty wiring can be neglect to service users because they would expect to live peacefully without any problems. The factors that may contribute to an individual being vulnerable from neglect by others can be that the individual would not be happy and able to express his/her feelings to another professional, lack of trustworthiness. Health can deteriorate and they would always feel lonely and neglected by carers.


Know how to respond to suspected or alleged abuse


1.      Explain the actions to take if there are suspicions that an individual is being abused?


The actions to take if there are suspicions of an individual being abused are too ensure that you do be supportive. Stay close to the alleged victim immediately after the disclosure to provide some sense of security and trustworthiness. Also, assure the individual that he/she has done the right thing by telling you about the allegations, and that he/she is safe and will no longer feel unsecure.


2.      Explain the actions to take if an individual alleges that the are being abused?


As a support worker, do assure the alleged victim that someone will stand by her/him through the process of getting help. However, I need to listen closely if the victim wants to talk, but not ask questions beyond what is necessary to protect the victim and preserve evidence.

3.      Identify ways to ensure that evidence of abuse is prevented?


Well firstly the manager of the company needs to be informed of the alleged abused so that further enquiries are put forward. Also, an abuse form needs to be complete about the alleged abuse so that you as a support worker are safe and you are doing your job correctly.


Identify national policies and local systems that relate to safeguarding and protection from abuse? Explain the roles of different agencies in safeguarding and protecting individuals from abuse?


There are many national policies and local systems that relate to safeguarding and protection from abuse. There is the Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006, the Vetting and Barring Scheme run by the Independent Safeguarding Authority (ISA), Criminal Records Bureau, Human Rights Act 1998. Also, Local Systems – Safeguarding Adults Boards, Safeguarding policies and procedures for vulnerable adults. However, there is the Police and their role is to safeguard vulnerable adults, investigate all reports of vulnerable adult abuse and protect and uphold the rights of vulnerable adults. The CQC are a national policy as they monitor and provide guidance on what all health and social care providers must do to safeguard vulnerable adults from abuse; the safeguarding policies, procedures and systems developed are in place to prevent vulnerable adults from being abused.


Identify reports into serious failures to protect individuals from abuse?


Relatives of elderly residents who died at `Britain`s worst care home` have today called for a public inquiry after a review to prevent a repeat of the `institutionalised abuse`, which led to five deaths.


A Serious Case Review was launched following an inquest into the deaths of 19 people at the now-defunct Orchid View home in Copthorne in West Sussex.

Relatives today welcomed the call for change but called for a further public inquiry into the scandal, adding they hope the lasting legacy will be major reform of the care sector.


West Sussex Coroner Penelope Schofield last year heavily criticised the quality of care at the Southern Cross-run home, identifying a catalogue of failings.

Residents were left in soiled bedsheets, their call bells ignored or left out of reach.


At the inquest`s conclusion, she said: `There was institutionalised abuse throughout the home and it started, in my view, at a very early stage, and nobody did anything about it.


Identify sources of information and advice about own role in safeguarding and protecting individuals from abuse.


You can visit the Local Authority Adult Services Department like Social Services

or approach your manager or colleagues for further advice. Also, you can view the company’s policies and procedures on safeguarding. Surf the internet for further advice. Approaching Care Quality Commission (CQC) provide maximum support and advice on safeguarding and protecting individuals from abuse.

You can read books, and gain extra knowledge from Training and advice centers.


Understand ways to reduce the likelihood of abuse


Explain how the likelihood of abuse may be reduced by:

·         Working with person centered values - Person-centered values include the individuality of the person, the rights of the individual, the individual’s choice, the individual’s privacy, the individual’s independence, the individual’s dignity and the individual being respected. If person centered values are taken into consideration when supporting an individual there is less likely to be abuse as all the staff will be working in the same way and will feel shamed if they abuse because of the way that they have been taught to work. Individuals decide what to do, where to go, what clothes to wear and are treated with dignity, respect, confidentiality and can make their own choices.


·         Encouraging active participation - Active participation is a way of working that recognizes an individual’s right to participate in the activities and relationships of everyday life as independently as possible; the individual is regarded as an active partner in their own care or support, rather than a passive recipient. Therefore, if the individual participates actively in their daily activities, which is what I practice, then the risk of abuse is low. An example of this can be in choosing the kind of sport the individuals want to participate in, maybe they can get a list of what sport everyone wants to play that way everyone is happy, and you are promoting independence and participation. The individual plays whatever he/she wants and enjoys with little or no support. 



·         Promoting choice and rights – All Individuals are promoted and supported to make their choices in anything they want like in choosing food or drink, in what to wear, whether to use hot or cold water to bathe, etc. No individual would cause any harm upon themselves as they will be aware of impacts thus abuse is reduced and controlled. Individuals rights are promoted throughout the service and this with the support from the careers. All service user that we support have the right to do anything that they wish to do and if it is what they want then we cannot stop them from doing so however if it is not dangerous; a risk assessment is then done to stop any abuse happening. At my workplace, I would ensure that I promote service users’ rights and choices by allowing them to make their own choices and support them to have the rights of anyone else.


Know how to recognize and report unsafe practice


1.      Describe unsafe practices that may affect the well-being of individuals? Within a work place unsafe practices are conditions like cross-contamination which usually occur and can affect the well-being of the individual and others. Improper hand washing can also pose a risk. Also, unsafe practices like dirty kitchen surfaces and equipment can spread infections, not covering hair when cooking can become a risk to an individual and if anyone does not report faulty equipment then it can become a large risk to the individuals as they can trip over and hurt themselves. Other unsafe practices which also amount to abuse can occur such as leaving a service user on the toilet too long, ignoring or not listening to them that is neglect is not acceptable when working with vulnerable people. As a support worker, I ensure that I keep to all the procedures for checking for abuse and the wellbeing of the individuals that I work with; I will do this by following these and individual’s care plan I will keep within the minimum standards of care and work in a person-centered way to make sure all individuals are happy and safe within their environment.


2.      Explain the actions to take if unsafe practices have been identified? If unsafe practices have been identified within my company, I will follow the whistle blowing procedure and report to the appropriate person(s). I will approach my manger and ensure he/she is notified and if it involves my manager then I will approach the safeguarding team and someone higher than my manager. However, as part of my role I will monitor all unsafe practices and make sure that I record and report in full all the evidence and then will talk to my manager because all unsafe practices are dangerous practices that could cause harm to the individual and others around.


3.      Describe the action to take if suspended abuse or unsafe practices have been reported but nothing has been done in response? If suspended abuse or unsafe practices have been reported but has not been taken into consideration, then as part of my job role I will approach to someone higher than my manger so that it can be avoided in future. However, if my manager has connection to the situation I will report to management, safeguarding team and then care quality commission so that they ensure that matters are dealt with accordingly. An example of this would be that if one of the service users at my company wasn’t prompted daily to brush his teeth and then the changes were made by other colleagues and ensured the individual brushed his teeth I would need to record all the information and inform my manger to show there are doing it correctly however if this was not done accurately then I would need to follow the whistle blowing procedure.














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