What common name was given by Sir Winston Churchill, former Prime
Minister of Great Britain, to describe a beginning threat to the world
the Danger on the Horizon
The Avoidable Crisis
The Bamboo Curtain
The Iron Curtain
Question 2.2. (TCOs 6, 10) President Eisenhower used a metaphorical
figure of speech to describe the danger of Communism. That metaphor was
what? (Points : 5)
… moving like a freight train
… an evil empire
… like a thief in the night
… be swept away by the red tide of communism
… fall like dominoes
Question 3.3. (TCO 9) The Tet Offensive began on January 30, 1968. Why was it called by that name? (Points : 5)
The name “Tet” celebrates a historic resistance victory over Chinese invaders in the 14th Century.
The name “Tet” refers to the lunar new year in Vietnamese culture, and the lunar new year began on that date.
“Tet” was the region where the first assaults were made.
“Tet” was a major strategic goal of the National Liberation Front forces.
“Tet” refers to the seasonal change that occurs right after the monsoon rains.
Question 4.4. (TCO 8) What colloquial term was used in The Great War
to describe the effects of what was later given the clinical name
post-traumatic stress disorder? (Points : 5)
Critical incident stress disorder
Interrupted maturity development
Question 5.5. (TCO 1, 9) Choose the title of the classic military
warfare book written by Carl von Clausewitz, in which the term “fog of
war” was coined. (Points : 5)
Brothers in Arms
The Gallic Wars
The Peloponnesian War
The Third Reich
Question 6.6. (TCO 6) In what year did Bernard Baruch make his famous
speech in which fear of the Soviet Union’s world motives for communist
domination and the competitive atmosphere was given the moniker “The
Cold War?” (Points : 5)
Question 7.7. (TCOs 1, 3, 7) Trusting relationships and alliances
based on mutual interest and perceived trustworthiness of the
participating parties are called by what term? (Points : 5)
Alliances of common purpose
Frail and vulnerable
Alliances of convenience
Question 8.8. (TCO 6) The Cold War was fought without direct
confrontation of the major nations but instead through a series of proxy
wars and incidents in which they engaged each other indirectly. The
Vietnam War was such a proxy war. Which one of the following was NOT a
proxy war or incident of the Cold War? (Points : 5)
Capturing the USS PUEBLO in 1968
The dissolution of the British empire
The space race beginning in 1957
The Cuban missle crisis of 1962
The Berlin airlift operation of 1949
Question 9.9. (TCO 9) The Gulf of Tonkin incident, leading to the
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution of 1964, involved what U. S. Navy warship?
(Points : 5)
Question 10.10. (TCO 3) What was the planned result of The Geneva Accords of 1954? (Points : 5)
An eventual division of Vietnam at the 13th parallel
National elections in July 1956
A temporary division of Vietnam at the 20th parallel
Legitimacy of a separate and permanent government in southern Vietnam
Immediate replacement of French forces with multinational forces
Question 11.11. (TCO 9) Which Secretary of Defense served under both President Kennedy and President Johnson? (Points : 5)
Henry Cabot Lodge
Question 12.12. (TCOs 7, 8) What was the purpose of the War Powers Act of 1973? (Points : 5)
To exercise financial control over the budget of the Defense Department
To authorize the president to enforce the terms of the Paris Accords of 1972
To exert influence over the resignation of President Nixon in 1974
To restrict the power of the president to commit forces overseas without the advice and consent of Congress
To include Congress as a participant in the National Command Authority
Question 13.13. (TCOs 3, 4) The 17th parallel served what intended purpose in the Geneva Accords of 1954? (Points : 5)
The designated location of the Demilitarized Zone
A temporary boundary between the two regroupment zones of forces
Protection of the historic city of Hue from the fighting
Allowed families to reunite and resettle
Resumption of rice farming, which was needed for the food supplies and for export
Question 14.14. (TCO 5) Who was Ho Chi Minh’s leading military
commander against French forces and later against American forces?
(Points : 5)
General Vo Nguyen Giap
General Dien Bien Phu
General Nguyen Cao Ky
Prince Norodom Sihanouk
General Nguyen Sinh Cung
Question 15.15. (TCOs 3, 7) What collective secrity agreement was
used to justify American involvement in Southeast Asia? (Points : 5)
Question 16.16. (TCOs 5, 6, 10) The United States Constitution
specifies in Article II, Section 2, that the president holds what
authority in relationship to the armed forces? (Points : 5)
Authority over state governors concerning use of their militia forces
The authority over state governors to cause federal forces to be deployed to other locations within the United States
The general of the armies
The authority to promote officers and to withhold promotions at will
Question 17.17. (TCO 7) A collective security arrangement to be
called the League of Nations was proposed at the Treaty of Versailles
peace conference. Which president proposed it? (Points : 5)
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Warren G. Harding
Question 18.18. (TCOs 9, 10) Dr. Henry Kissinger served as Secretary
of State under President Richard Nixon. From what type of background did
Kissinger come to that service? (Points : 5)
A senior executive in the aerospace industry
A leading military theorist and strategist in a civilian think tank
Diplomatic corps service in Asia
The personal recommendation of President Johnson, for whom Dr. Kissinger had sometimes served as an advisor
A Harvard University professor who had written extensively on national security issues
Question 19.19. (TCO 4) Who was in military command of Vietminh
forces at the decisive Battle of Dien Bien Phu in the spring of 1954?
(Points : 5)
Vo Nguyen Giap
Ho Chi Minh
Chung Hee Park
Dong Minh Hoi
Question 20.20. (TCOs 1, 6, 7, 10) When the new Defense Secretary
Clark Clifford raised fundamental questions about the American war
policy, what did he discover? (Points : 5)
That there was the need for a single joint commander in Vietnam
That plans were fragmented in a way that prevented the different services from operating effectively with one another
That when his list of nine questions could not be answered, there was actually no military plan for victory
That the Vietnamese forces could not operate effectively, because they were deployed far from their homes
That reserve forces had not been called up in an appropriate manner
Question 1. 1. (TCOs 3, 6) Once Bernard Baruch had identified and
named the situation called the “Cold War” in his 1947 speech, it became
the ideological underpinning of national foreign strategy of the United
States and its allied nations. This strategy came to be called
What was President Eisenhower’s metaphor for the threat of global communism? Exp
lain the metaphor’s impact in developing and sustaining the Cold War foreign policy of the United States.
(Points : 50)
Question 2. 2. (TCOs 7, 8, 9) Our course asked a question of both Vietnam and the United States: Who owns this war?
In two paragraphs, analyze and then explain your analysis of how the
United States took ownership of the Vietnam War under President Johnson.
Be sure to speak to which factors were so important in the
Americanization process, with some specific examples of what worked and
what did not work.
Then, in a third paragraph, evaluate how the personality and
intentions of President Johnson impacted the direction and pace of the
escalation of conflict in Vietnam.
(Points : 50)
Question 3. 3. (TCO 1) Historians read and research through three kinds of sources: primary, secondary, and tertiary sources.
For this question, your assignment is to work with SECONDARY SOURCES.
Discuss the meaning and identity of this type of source, with TWO
examples of secondary sources as you met them in our class. How do you
identify secondary sources when reading and in the media?
Then, explain what authority they hold for the study of history:
– Why is that authority valued within the three types?
– What about secondary sources limits their value and usefulness when studying history?
– What service is provided by this type that the other two types cannot provide?
(Points : 30)
Question 4. 4. (TCOs 4, 6) U. S. policy makers serving under
Presidents Kennedy and Johnson counted on some basic assumptions about
the nature of North Vietnam that eventually proved false and led to a
stalemate with the enemy. What was the significant assumption about
North Vietnam that was overlooked and never confronted? (Points : 40)
Question 5. 5. (TCO 10) Throughout our course we have sought to learn lessons from history, and there have been a lot of them!
In two paragraphs, choose two lessons you learned from the overall
topic of settling and living as an outsider in foreign lands. Express
the significance of what you learned about them in terms of the foreign
policy of France.