What common name was given by Sir Winston Churchill, former Prime Minister of Great Britain, to describe a beginning threat to the world order?

What common name was given by Sir Winston Churchill, former Prime Minister of Great Britain, to describe a beginning threat to the world order?


What common name was given by Sir Winston Churchill, former Prime Minister of Great Britain, to describe a beginning threat to the world order?

the Danger on the Horizon

The Avoidable Crisis

The Bamboo Curtain

The Iron Curtain

Fear Itself


Question 2.2. (TCOs 6, 10) President Eisenhower used a metaphorical figure of speech to describe the danger of Communism. That metaphor was what? (Points : 5)

… moving like a freight train

… an evil empire

… like a thief in the night

… be swept away by the red tide of communism

… fall like dominoes

Question 3.3. (TCO 9) The Tet Offensive began on January 30, 1968. Why was it called by that name? (Points : 5)

The name “Tet” celebrates a historic resistance victory over Chinese invaders in the 14th Century.

The name “Tet” refers to the lunar new year in Vietnamese culture, and the lunar new year began on that date.

“Tet” was the region where the first assaults were made.

“Tet” was a major strategic goal of the National Liberation Front forces.

“Tet” refers to the seasonal change that occurs right after the monsoon rains.

Question 4.4. (TCO 8) What colloquial term was used in The Great War to describe the effects of what was later given the clinical name post-traumatic stress disorder? (Points : 5)

Shell shock

Crippling anxiety

Critical incident stress disorder

Homecoming maladjustment

Interrupted maturity development

Question 5.5. (TCO 1, 9) Choose the title of the classic military warfare book written by Carl von Clausewitz, in which the term “fog of war” was coined. (Points : 5)

Brothers in Arms

The Gallic Wars

On War

The Peloponnesian War

The Third Reich

Question 6.6. (TCO 6) In what year did Bernard Baruch make his famous speech in which fear of the Soviet Union’s world motives for communist domination and the competitive atmosphere was given the moniker “The Cold War?” (Points : 5)

1944

1945

1947

1949

1950

Question 7.7. (TCOs 1, 3, 7) Trusting relationships and alliances based on mutual interest and perceived trustworthiness of the participating parties are called by what term? (Points : 5)

Fiduciary relationships

Temporary arrangements

Alliances of common purpose

Frail and vulnerable

Alliances of convenience

Question 8.8. (TCO 6) The Cold War was fought without direct confrontation of the major nations but instead through a series of proxy wars and incidents in which they engaged each other indirectly. The Vietnam War was such a proxy war. Which one of the following was NOT a proxy war or incident of the Cold War? (Points : 5)

Capturing the USS PUEBLO in 1968

The dissolution of the British empire

The space race beginning in 1957

The Cuban missle crisis of 1962

The Berlin airlift operation of 1949

Question 9.9. (TCO 9) The Gulf of Tonkin incident, leading to the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution of 1964, involved what U. S. Navy warship? (Points : 5)

USS ENTERPRISE

USS MADDOX

USS YORKTOWN

USS VICTORY

USS OLYMPIA

Question 10.10. (TCO 3) What was the planned result of The Geneva Accords of 1954? (Points : 5)

An eventual division of Vietnam at the 13th parallel

National elections in July 1956

A temporary division of Vietnam at the 20th parallel

Legitimacy of a separate and permanent government in southern Vietnam

Immediate replacement of French forces with multinational forces

Question 11.11. (TCO 9) Which Secretary of Defense served under both President Kennedy and President Johnson? (Points : 5)

Dean Rusk

Robert McNamara

William Wayland

Dean Acheson

Henry Cabot Lodge

Question 12.12. (TCOs 7, 8) What was the purpose of the War Powers Act of 1973? (Points : 5)

To exercise financial control over the budget of the Defense Department

To authorize the president to enforce the terms of the Paris Accords of 1972

To exert influence over the resignation of President Nixon in 1974

To restrict the power of the president to commit forces overseas without the advice and consent of Congress

To include Congress as a participant in the National Command Authority

Question 13.13. (TCOs 3, 4) The 17th parallel served what intended purpose in the Geneva Accords of 1954? (Points : 5)

The designated location of the Demilitarized Zone

A temporary boundary between the two regroupment zones of forces

Protection of the historic city of Hue from the fighting

Allowed families to reunite and resettle

Resumption of rice farming, which was needed for the food supplies and for export

Question 14.14. (TCO 5) Who was Ho Chi Minh’s leading military commander against French forces and later against American forces? (Points : 5)

General Vo Nguyen Giap

General Dien Bien Phu

General Nguyen Cao Ky

Prince Norodom Sihanouk

General Nguyen Sinh Cung

Question 15.15. (TCOs 3, 7) What collective secrity agreement was used to justify American involvement in Southeast Asia? (Points : 5)

The UN

ANZUS

MAAG

SEATO

MACV

Question 16.16. (TCOs 5, 6, 10) The United States Constitution specifies in Article II, Section 2, that the president holds what authority in relationship to the armed forces? (Points : 5)

Commander-in-chief

Authority over state governors concerning use of their militia forces

The authority over state governors to cause federal forces to be deployed to other locations within the United States

The general of the armies

The authority to promote officers and to withhold promotions at will

Question 17.17. (TCO 7) A collective security arrangement to be called the League of Nations was proposed at the Treaty of Versailles peace conference. Which president proposed it? (Points : 5)

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Woodrow Wilson

Warren G. Harding

Herbert Hoover

Theodore Roosevelt

Question 18.18. (TCOs 9, 10) Dr. Henry Kissinger served as Secretary of State under President Richard Nixon. From what type of background did Kissinger come to that service? (Points : 5)

A senior executive in the aerospace industry

A leading military theorist and strategist in a civilian think tank

Diplomatic corps service in Asia

The personal recommendation of President Johnson, for whom Dr. Kissinger had sometimes served as an advisor

A Harvard University professor who had written extensively on national security issues

Question 19.19. (TCO 4) Who was in military command of Vietminh forces at the decisive Battle of Dien Bien Phu in the spring of 1954? (Points : 5)

Vo Nguyen Giap

Ho Chi Minh

Chiang Kai-shek

Chung Hee Park

Dong Minh Hoi

Question 20.20. (TCOs 1, 6, 7, 10) When the new Defense Secretary Clark Clifford raised fundamental questions about the American war policy, what did he discover? (Points : 5)

That there was the need for a single joint commander in Vietnam

That plans were fragmented in a way that prevented the different services from operating effectively with one another

That when his list of nine questions could not be answered, there was actually no military plan for victory

That the Vietnamese forces could not operate effectively, because they were deployed far from their homes

That reserve forces had not been called up in an appropriate manner

Page 2

Question 1. 1. (TCOs 3, 6) Once Bernard Baruch had identified and named the situation called the “Cold War” in his 1947 speech, it became the ideological underpinning of national foreign strategy of the United States and its allied nations. This strategy came to be called “containment.”

What was President Eisenhower’s metaphor for the threat of global communism? Exp
lain the metaphor’s impact in developing and sustaining the Cold War foreign policy of the United States.

(Points : 50)

Question 2. 2. (TCOs 7, 8, 9) Our course asked a question of both Vietnam and the United States: Who owns this war?

In two paragraphs, analyze and then explain your analysis of how the United States took ownership of the Vietnam War under President Johnson.

Be sure to speak to which factors were so important in the Americanization process, with some specific examples of what worked and what did not work.

Then, in a third paragraph, evaluate how the personality and intentions of President Johnson impacted the direction and pace of the escalation of conflict in Vietnam.

(Points : 50)

Question 3. 3. (TCO 1) Historians read and research through three kinds of sources: primary, secondary, and tertiary sources.

For this question, your assignment is to work with SECONDARY SOURCES.

Discuss the meaning and identity of this type of source, with TWO examples of secondary sources as you met them in our class. How do you identify secondary sources when reading and in the media?

Then, explain what authority they hold for the study of history:

– Why is that authority valued within the three types?

– What about secondary sources limits their value and usefulness when studying history?

– What service is provided by this type that the other two types cannot provide?

(Points : 30)

Question 4. 4. (TCOs 4, 6) U. S. policy makers serving under Presidents Kennedy and Johnson counted on some basic assumptions about the nature of North Vietnam that eventually proved false and led to a stalemate with the enemy. What was the significant assumption about North Vietnam that was overlooked and never confronted? (Points : 40)

Question 5. 5. (TCO 10) Throughout our course we have sought to learn lessons from history, and there have been a lot of them!

In two paragraphs, choose two lessons you learned from the overall topic of settling and living as an outsider in foreign lands. Express the significance of what you learned about them in terms of the foreign policy of France.



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