Test number one: The T- independent test was used to test the null hypothesis that crime perceptions between Oman and UK are equal against the alternative hypothesis that there is a difference.

Test number one: The T- independent test was used to test the null hypothesis that crime perceptions between Oman and UK are equal against the alternative hypothesis that there is a difference.

Each participant that took part in answering any of the survey three domains is represented within the below data. Not all participants took part in answering all the questions in the survey.

Table 12:

Crime assessmentMeanStd. DeviationP ValueFrequency
Male3.880.660.025103
Female4.10.690.02599

 

There was a significant difference in the mean scores of crime assessment and shame for gender female (M= 4.10, SD= 0.69) and male (M= 3.88, SD= 0.66) conditions; t (200) = -2.258, p = 0.025.

 

Table 14:

Crime PunishmentMeanStd. DeviationP ValueFrequency
Male3.3250.58640.953104
Female3.330.54380.95396

 

There was not a significant difference in the mean scores of crime punishment female (M= 3.33, SD= 0.54) male (M= 3.33, SD= 0.59) conditions; t (198) = -.058, p = 0.953.

Table 16:

Crime seriousness PerceptionMeanStd. DeviationP ValueFrequency
Males36.739.250.83110
Females36.478.140.8394

There was not a significant difference in the mean scores of crime seriousness perceptions for female (M= 2.16, SD= 0.46) and male (M= 2.18, SD= 0.54) conditions; t (189) = 0.241, p = 0.810

Table 15:

Crime PunishmentMeanStd. DeviationP ValueFrequency
United Kingdom3.3850.45790.142105
Oman3.2650.66040.14295

 

There was not a significant) difference in the mean crime punishment scores for United Kingdom (M= 3.39, SD= 0.46) and Oman (M= 3.27, SD= 0.66) conditions; t (198) = 1.503, p = 0.142.

Table 13:

Crime assessmentMeanStd. DeviationP ValueFrequency
United Kingdom4.080.630.05106
Oman3.890.730.0596

 

There was a marginal significant difference in the mean crime assessment scores for United Kingdom (M= 4.10, SD= 0.63) and Oman (M= 3.89, SD= 0.73) conditions; t (200) = 1.938, p = 0.054.

Table 17:

PerceptionMeanStd. DeviationP ValueFrequency
United Kingdom40.87.830106
Oman32.077.31098

 

There was a significant difference in the mean scores of crime seriousness perceptions for United Kingdom (M= 2.44, SD= 0.45) and Oman (M= 1.90, SD=0.42) conditions; t (189) = 7.960, p = 0.0001.

Crime assessment item numberCronbach AlphaCrime assessment and shame  item numberCronbach Alpha Crime punishment item numberCronbach Alpha   
      
150.62130.35 170.86   

Cronbach’s Alpha for each of the three domains      


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