Call / Whatsapp  Test number one: The T- independent test was used to test the null hypothesis that crime perceptions between Oman and UK are equal against the alternative hypothesis that there is a difference.

Test number one: The T- independent test was used to test the null hypothesis that crime perceptions between Oman and UK are equal against the alternative hypothesis that there is a difference.

Each participant that took part in answering any of the survey three domains is represented within the below data. Not all participants took part in answering all the questions in the survey.

Table 12:

 Crime assessment Mean Std. Deviation P Value Frequency Male 3.88 0.66 0.025 103 Female 4.1 0.69 0.025 99

There was a significant difference in the mean scores of crime assessment and shame for gender female (M= 4.10, SD= 0.69) and male (M= 3.88, SD= 0.66) conditions; t (200) = -2.258, p = 0.025.

Table 14:

 Crime Punishment Mean Std. Deviation P Value Frequency Male 3.325 0.5864 0.953 104 Female 3.33 0.5438 0.953 96

There was not a significant difference in the mean scores of crime punishment female (M= 3.33, SD= 0.54) male (M= 3.33, SD= 0.59) conditions; t (198) = -.058, p = 0.953.

Table 16:

 Crime seriousness Perception Mean Std. Deviation P Value Frequency Males 36.73 9.25 0.83 110 Females 36.47 8.14 0.83 94

There was not a significant difference in the mean scores of crime seriousness perceptions for female (M= 2.16, SD= 0.46) and male (M= 2.18, SD= 0.54) conditions; t (189) = 0.241, p = 0.810

Table 15:

 Crime Punishment Mean Std. Deviation P Value Frequency United Kingdom 3.385 0.4579 0.142 105 Oman 3.265 0.6604 0.142 95

There was not a significant) difference in the mean crime punishment scores for United Kingdom (M= 3.39, SD= 0.46) and Oman (M= 3.27, SD= 0.66) conditions; t (198) = 1.503, p = 0.142.

Table 13:

 Crime assessment Mean Std. Deviation P Value Frequency United Kingdom 4.08 0.63 0.05 106 Oman 3.89 0.73 0.05 96

There was a marginal significant difference in the mean crime assessment scores for United Kingdom (M= 4.10, SD= 0.63) and Oman (M= 3.89, SD= 0.73) conditions; t (200) = 1.938, p = 0.054.

Table 17:

 Perception Mean Std. Deviation P Value Frequency United Kingdom 40.8 7.83 0 106 Oman 32.07 7.31 0 98

There was a significant difference in the mean scores of crime seriousness perceptions for United Kingdom (M= 2.44, SD= 0.45) and Oman (M= 1.90, SD=0.42) conditions; t (189) = 7.960, p = 0.0001.

 Crime assessment item number Cronbach Alpha Crime assessment and shame  item number Cronbach Alpha Crime punishment item number Cronbach Alpha 15 0.62 13 0.35 17 0.86

Cronbach’s Alpha for each of the three domains

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