Prepare a paper that documents your research through the literature (thinking processes related to developing a research question).
Your writing needs to be clearly illustrate what your question is. The process needs to be logical and the steps listed in the 3 parts below are what you will be writing about.
Step 1 is to go through each step (this is not your paper content, but what I want you to do). This of this as formative processes (steps) that will lead to you composing a paper (summative process) about your output (product), your research question.
Process Part 1
1. Is there an area/subject/concept that really interests you? Write it down; state it; describe it; identify it
2. Narrow this topic by thinking about what is it about; who is involved; how is related to social work; is a specific condition/issue; what do you see as problems in looking at it.
3. Write down questions you have, all of them.
4. Start critiquing your questions and revising. What do you throw out, what do you keep. What is the question you find most interesting?
5. Make notes about what you learned from your articles, how to they answer your question? What information can you not find?
6. Do you feel that your research thus far is interesting, creative, or controversial? How or how not
Process Part 2
1. What method (quantitative, qualitative, mixed method) do you feel would best answer your question why
2. Can you find literature on your topic that is from each of the three methods (quantitative, qualitative, mixed method)
3. What types of data /measurement do you have in the articles
4. What themes can you identify?
5. What are the strengths and weaknesses of the literature?
Part 3: the paper
Now you can construct your review. Below are some additional tips that are related to your paper. Your paper should be constructed of 12 to 15 articles. It must be typed (should be 10 to 15 pages). It must follow APA format. It should have title page, abstract, body, references. It must be grammatically correct.
1. Choose a variety of articles that relate to your subject, even if they do not directly answer your research question. You may find articles that loosely relate to the topic, rather than articles that you find using an exact keyword search. At first, you may need to cast a wide net when searching for sources.
For example: If your research question focuses on how people with chronic illnesses are treated in the workplace, you may be able to find some articles that address this specific question. You may also find literature regarding public perception of people with chronic illnesses or analyses of current laws affecting workplace discrimination.
2. Select the most relevant information from the articles as it pertains to your subject and your purpose. Remember, the purpose of the literature review is to demonstrate how your research question fits into a larger field of study.
3. Critically examine the articles. Look at methodology, statistics, results, theoretical framework, the author’s purpose, etc.
4. Organize your information in the way that makes most sense. Some literature reviews may begin with a definition or general overview of the topic. Others may focus on another aspect of your topic. Look for themes in the literature or organize by types of study.
For example: Group case studies together, especially if all the case studies have related findings, research questions, or other similarities.
5. Make sure the information relates to your research question/thesis. You may need to explicitly show how the literature relates to the research question; don’t assume that the connection is obvious.
6. Check to see that you have done more than simply summarize your sources. Your literature review should include a critical assessment of those sources.
7. Be sure to develop questions for further research. Again, you are not simply regurgitating information, but you are assessing and leading your reader to questions of your own, questions and ideas that haven’t been explored yet or haven’t been addressed in detail by the literature in the field.
Make sure you use headings