Music analysis about Frederic Chopin - Prelude No. 4 Listen to Frederic Chopin - Prelude No. 4 in E minor, and write your analysis. By this point, you should have more analytical tools available to you, but you will still use the feedback to polish it for final submission. Response should refer only to one piece of music in accordance with the outline below. When you listen to the music, think about the instruments that are being used, and think about the harmony and rhythm and how they contribute to the overall result. 1. In your response explain how all the elements comes together in the piece under examination. Remember that the purpose of this assignment is to analyze the music using the analytical tools we’ve been developing during the course. It’s not a reader-response assignment in which you tell me about what sort of memories or feelings the music invokes for you. 2. Keep the focus on the musical elements like harmony, melody, structure, and instrumentation. 3. You can do some background research on the music, but it’s not required. Make sure to keep the focus on the music, not the history of the music, and provide proper citations for any material you borrow from other scholars. 4. Your response should be 250-300 words in length. Below is an example of a perfect response: Response to It Don’t Mean a Thing by Duke Ellington It don’t mean a thing (If it ain’t got that swing) was written in 1931 by Duke Ellington, and is seen by many as an introduction to “swing” three years before the popularization of the term (“It don’t mean a thing by Duke Ellington Review.”). Jazz, a form of popular music, was innovative in its instrumentation, rhythms, and form, all of which built upon and subsequently broke away from the traditional foundations of “classical” music. The instrumentation in this piece includes muted trumpets, piano, saxophone, trombone, bass and drums. The mute on the trumpet gives it a less regal sound, one that better matches the timbre of the saxophone. The muted trumpets also contribute to the “do wah” phrase at the end of chorus because of its harsher slurs that cannot be done on other instruments. Although the trumpet begins with the melody of the piece, the saxophone takes over in a solo while the trumpet plays the counter melody. The piano and trombone supply the harmonies, while the bass and drums maintain the rhythm as in most popular music. The lyrics are not the vocal point of the piece, but rather accompaniment between the solos. They float on top of the main melody and add another layer of counterpoint to the piece as the notes are longer and drawn out compared to the instrument melodies. This piece also makes use of scat – the vocal improvisation using nonsense words and syllables that adds another “instrument-like” texture to the piece. Another signifying element of jazz music is the emphasis being placed on the off beats: two and four instead of one and three. This allows easy differentiation between classical and popular music and brought about swing. The swing style made use of this emphasis on the offbeat and used a rhythmic triplet form to add to the feel. The swing style is best heard during the chorus of this piece. Swing music was often used for dancing and became popular in the late 1930’s (Schuller). Although before its time, Ellington created a short song that became popular with its catchy chorus and swing style that encompassed the form and instrumentation of jazz.