Multiple Choice Questions(Sociology)

Multiple Choice Questions(Sociology)

Question 1.1.(TCO 8) As the Ojibwa people of Grassy Narrows found out, the symptoms of methyl mercury poisoning mimic the effects of: (Points : 5)

Alcohol abuse
Cocaine addiction
Hyperactivity
None of the above

Question 2.2.(TCO 8) Which of the following is not part of the UN Development Programme’s Human Development Index? (Points : 5)

GNP per capita
Life expectancy
Knowledge access
Level of inequality

Question 3.3.(TCO 8) What does the HDI (Human Development Index) measure?
(Points : 5)

The gross national and gross domestic products
The physiological growth rate of impoverished children
The extent of human misery that results from poverty and environmental problems
Quality of life indicators such as literacy, life expectancy, standard of living and purchasing power

Question 4.4.(TCO 8) Ulrich Beck argues that the driving force behind the risk society can be characterized by which of the following statements? (Points : 5)

I am hungry.
I am angry.
I am lonely.
I am afraid.

Question 5.5.(TCO 8) The chapter concludes by saying that in order to construct a dialogic rationality of risk, we need to cultivate: (Points : 5)

trust.
truth.
theory.
trees.

Question 6.6.(TCO 8) Which of the following arguments contradicts the risk society theory? (Points : 5)

Environmental bads are not equally distributed.
In poor countries, “I am hungry” is a driving force of environmental concerns.
The wealthy elite are able to better protect themselves from environmental problems.
All of the above

Question 7.7.(TCO 9) The most important feature of the carnivalesque body is:(Points : 5)

it is a source of bathroom humor.
it is forever interacting and exchanging with the natural world.
it is the source of our individualism.
it is dirty, indecent, and obscene.

Question 8.8.(TCO 9) Which of the following expresses the values and assumptions of patriarchal ecology? (Points : 5)

Women’s association with reproduction and the domestic sphere places them closer to nature.
Men’s association with production and the public sphere distances them from nature.
Women are associated with fulfilling bodily and emotional needs, while men are associated with rationality, civilization, government, and business.
All of the above

Question 9.9.(TCO 9) Forever interacting and exchanging with the natural world is the most important feature of the: (Points : 5)

bathroom humor.
carnivalesque body.
individualist.
dirty, indecent, and obscene.

Question 10.10.(TCO 9) The chief philosophical contribution of the Sophists in environmental discussions was: (Points : 5)

the contention that money and politics, rather than the Greek gods, moved the world of everyday life.
the role of self-interest in all human affairs.
moral order is based on nothing more than convention, in other words, morality is a con game.
proof that Plato and Aristotle were wrong.

Question 1.1.(TCO 9) Who made the following statement: “In wildness is the preservation of the world”? (Points : 5)

Rachel Carson
Lao Tzu
Aristotle
Henry David Thoreau

Question 2.2.(TCO 9) “Human are part of nature and need to maintain a sense of balance and limits in an interconnected world.” This statement best describes which paradigm? (Points : 5)

The dominant paradigm
The old paradigm
The human-exceptionalism paradigm
The ecological-social paradigm

Question 3.3.(TCO 9) Which of the following statements is TRUE? (Points : 5)

Business leaders are the most likely opponents of the environmental movement.
Blacks often show lower levels of concern for the environment than minority groups.
Hispanics often show lower levels of concern for the environment than minority groups.
None of these are true.

Question 4.4.(TCO 9) Approximately what percent of urban land is currently under cultivation? (Points : 5)

Less than a tenth (10%)
Almost a fourth (25%)
About a third (33%)
Well over a half (50%)

Question 5.5.(TCO 9) Of the world’s food supply, approximately what percent is grown or produced in urban areas? (Points : 5)

Less than a 1%
Just over a tenth (10%)
About a third (33%)
Well over a half (50%)

Question 6.6.(TCO 10) Which of the following phrases best characterizes the tragedy of the commons? (Points : 5)

The dialogue of solidarities
The problem of government regulation
The tragedy of individualism
The problem of common ownership

Question 7.7.(TCO 10) Which of the following is meant by double politics? (Points : 5)

Grassroots organizing and top-down authority
Collective and individual action
Conflict and consensus
Conceptions and connections

Question 8.8.(TCO 10) The A-B split is: (Points : 5)

the split between the ideal and the material.
the split between attitudes and behaviors.
the difference between what people say they value and believe, and how they act.
All of the above

Question 9.9.(TCO 10) American pedestrians and bicyclists are killed at ________ times the rate of German pedestrians and cyclists. (Points : 5)

two
three
four
five

Question 10.10.(TCO 10) What is participatory governance? (Points : 5)

Where the government controls all actions
A shift from traditional government where the citizens are more involved in the government
Where a government works with other governments to create
change
None of the above

1.(TCO 1) Now that you have almost completed this course in environmental sociology, please describe what you think an environmental sociologist does. What have you learned about what an Environmental Sociologist does since you started this course? (Points : 10)

Question 2.2.(TCO 2) Give a few examples of how capitalism has caused inequality in minority populations. (Points : 10)

Question 3.3.(TCO 3) A number of social phenomenon discussed in this course vie as the leading cause of environmental problems: overconsumption of products, the problem of collective action, the Western ethos, population growth, social inequality, and uneven development, to name a few. Which do you feel is the most important, and why? Justify your answer sociologically, using detailed facts and figures from the course readings and any outside sources. Compare and contrast how these environmental problems impacts socioeconomic status and influences goods and bads. (Points : 30)

Question 4.4.(TCO 4) Discuss the pros and cons of using the term invironment instead of environment. What is the difference between environment and invironment? Be sure to provide an example of each and an example of how they connect. Compare and contrast how this relates to consumer products and services derived from the environment. You should focus on both human and environmental health. (Points : 30)

Question 5.5.(TCO 5) The development of a natural conscience depends upon the sense of a realm free from the pollution of social interests-a natural other, from which we may gain a sense of a natural me. But is such a realm possible? Can there be a moral realm that is truly free of social interests? Explain. Compare and contrast how we can still keep a free market, Capitalistic system without destroying our environment. How can we still have a free market and Capitalism and still maintain a sustainable society? (Points : 30)

Question 6.6.(TCO 6) The public health and environmental movements are sometimes at odds with each other. Why is this the case? What might be done to improve the situation? How does this relate to the role of producers and marketers in selling goods and services in a capitalist society? Compare and contrast how this relates to green businesses and our society’s ever increasing focus on being more sustainable. (Points : 30)

Question 7.7.(TCO 7) The author of your textbook states that, “the principle scholarly contribution of the book is the concept of ecological dialogue.” Briefly explain what is meant by ecological dialogue and give an example or illustration. How can ecological dialogue be used to solve such complex issues in Environmental Sociology such as exploding population growth, degradation of our natural resources, poverty, debt, and hunger? Compare and contrast these various ways to solve these issues and future issues in Environmental Sociology. (Points : 30)


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