Most employers would agree that an employee’s loyalty to their organization is a prima facie obligation.

Most employers would agree that an employee’s loyalty to their organization is a prima facie obligation.

Question 1

Which of the following statements is true?

a) Most employers would agree that an employee’s loyalty to their organization is a prima facie obligation.

b) When an employee experiences a conflict of interest, his or her motive is always financial.

c) Moral employees are required to be entirely loyal and completely submissive to their employers.

d) If the contents of a work contract are legal and if the employee really consents to them, then the employee is under an obligation to fulfill the terms of the agreement.

Question 2

Which of the following was an aspect of the studies conducted at the Hawthorne factory of Western Electric Company?

a) Altered roles for junior-level employees

b) Painting the walls and brightening lights

c) A treatment group and a control group

d) A change in managerial staff

Question 3

Which of the following best defines a kickback?

a) A monetary reward for good service that is standard practice in some industries.

b) A payment intended to influence someone to violate his or her official duties.

c) A small token of esteem with a value that is usually less than $25.

d) A percentage payment to a person able to influence or control a source of income.

Question 4

Which of the following statements is false?

a) A conflict of interest can occur when an employee’s personal interests lead them to make decisions that are harmful to their employer’s interests.

b) Moral employees are required to be entirely loyal and completely submissive to their employers.

c) An employee is legally obligated to behave loyally towards their employer and to carry out all lawful instructions.

d) If the contents of a work contract are legal and if the employee really consents to them, then the employee is under an obligation to fulfill the terms of the agreement.

Question 5

Which of the following best defines proprietary data?

a) The buying and selling of stocks or other financial securities on the basis of information that has not yet been made public and is likely to affect the price of the stock.

b) Any formula, pattern, device, or compilation of information which is used in one’s business and which gives someone an opportunity to obtain an advantage over competitors who do not know or use it.

c) Internally generated data that contains specific information regarding the company’s competitive edge.

d) None of the above

Question 6

Which of the following protects a product from being made by anyone without permission?

a) Insider trading

b) Proprietary data

c) A patent

d) A trade secret

Question 7

Allen gave Henry a ________ in order to pass the inspection with fewer penalty fines.

a) Gift

b) Bribe

c) Kickback

d) Tip

Question 8

Which of the following statements is true?

a) Employees owe no loyalty to their employer.

b) No employee is required to ignore immoral or unethical activity.

c) Pointing out immoral or unethical activity comes with no risk.

d) Employees are required to ignore immoral or unethical activity.

Question 9

An organic grocery store asks that, among other things, employees take an online course to learn more about healthy eating, nutrition, and exercise. Which of the following would this course be a part of?

a) A personality test

b) A wellness program

c) A drug test

d) A layoff

Question 10

In order to avoid causing conflict of interests, gifts should meet which of the following conditions?

a) They should not be of significant monetary value.

b) They should not be intended to influence the gift recipient or gain preferential treatment.

c) They should meet any conditions established by law.

d) All of the above

Question 11

Which of the following statements is true?

a) A gift given near the holiday season is more morally suspect.

b) Gift giving is more common in some industries than others.

c) The monetary value of a gift has no effect on whether the gift generates a conflict of interests.

d) None of the above

Question 12

Which of the following must employers be conscious of when administering standard personality tests, drug tests, and other inquiries used to obtain employee information?

a) Privacy

b) Discrimination

c) Gender

d) Property

Question 13

Which of the following statements is true?

a) Whistle-blowing is never a morally justified act.

b) Whistle-blowing is always a morally praiseworthy act.

c) Whistle-blowing can be justified so long as certain conditions are met.

d) Whistle-blowing is neither moral nor immoral.

Question 14

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act:

a) Makes it illegal to report an employer’s wrong doing.

b) Legally protects employers from the accusations of their employees.

c) Makes it illegal not to report an employer’s wrong doing.

d) Legally protects employees who report fraud.

Question 15

Which of the following best defines a gift?

a) A monetary reward for good service that is standard practice in some industries.

b) A payment intended to influence someone to violate his or her official duties.

c) A small token of esteem with a value that is usually less than $25.

d) A percentage payment to a person able to influence or control a source of income.

Question 16

Surveillance in the workplace allows employers to keep track of their employees in what way?

a) While in the office

b) Via their email

c) Via their web history

d) All of the above

Question 17

According to the Myers-Briggs Personality Indicator, ________ tend to think first, and then act or speak later.

a) Introverts

b) Extroverts

c) Feelers

d) Perceivers

Question 18

Polygraph tests are not completely accurate for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:

a) Some people are more comfortable with lying than others.

b) The anxiety caused by being tested may alter some people’s physiological responses.

c) There’s a possibility for false positives.

d) They do not always read physiological responses correctly.

Question 19

When an employee’s interests are likely to interfere with the employee’s ability to exercise proper judgment on behalf of the organization, what exists?

a) A golden opportunity

b) A conflict of interest

c) A balance of power

d) A disaster

Question 20

Some writers deny that employees have any obligation of loyalty to the company, because:

a) Companies are not the kind of things that are properly objects of loyalty.

b) You cannot trust anyone.

c) It’s every man for himself.

d) Companies just aren’t the same any more.

Question 21

A restaurant server receives a _______ for helpful, friendly, and prompt service.

a) Gift

b) Bribe

c) Kickback

d) Tip

Question 22

Eric works for a moving company and hurt his shoulder lifting a heavy piece of furniture last week. Though he’s upset the injury put him out of work for two weeks, he is aware that he __________ when he initially accepted the job.

a) Gave uninformed consent

b) Knew he’d get hurt

c) Assumed some risk

d) Had shoulder problems

Question 23

In order to be morally justified, whistle-blowing must be:

a) Motivated by a desire to expose unnecessary harm, illegal or immoral actions, or conduct counter to the public good.

b) Done after internal channels for dissent have been exhausted.

c) Supported by compelling evidence.

d) All of the above

Question 24

Olivia is the manager of a retail store and has noticed productivity tends to dwindle during the evening and night hours. According to the __________, if Olivia gives her employees more attent
ion and recognition, productivity will likely increase.

a) Friedman theory of productivity

b) Managerial effect

c) Kant theory

d) Hawthorne effect

Question 25

Which of the following made it a crime to steal a trade secret?

a) The Securities and Exchange Commission Act

b) U.S. v. O’Hagan

c) The Economic Espionage Act of 1996

d) The Texas Gulf Sulfur stock scandal

Question 26

Job satisfaction is dependent on all of the following EXCEPT:

a) Job security

b) Competitiveness

c) Compensation

d) Communication between employees and management

Question 27

In determining the morality of giving and receiving gifts in a business situation, which of the following factors is MOST relevant?

a) The purpose of the gift

b) The size of the business

c) Amount of the cash

d) Whether the company is privately held or publicly held

Question 28

Organizations typically consider a gift worth less than __________ to not pose a conflict of interest.

a) $1,000

b) $100

c) $50

d) $25

Question 29

Which of the following is typically a motivation expressed by whistle-blowers?

a) A disinterest in the public interest

b) Loyalty to the company

c) A sense of professional responsibility

d) A sense of self-interest

Question 30

Which of the following best defines whistle-blowing?

a) The informing of the public by an employee of an employer’s past or present illegal or immoral actions.

b) Choosing to act only in ways that are in one’s self-interest.

c) Prioritizing company loyalty above all else.

d) Publically sharing a company’s trade secrets.


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