of the very first cases that caught Freud’s attention when he was
starting to develop his psychoanalytic theory was that of Anna O, a
patient of fellow psychiatrist Josef Breuer. Although Freud did not
directly treat her, he did thoroughly analyze her case as he was
fascinated by the fact that her hysteria was “cured” by Breuer. It is
her case that he believes was the beginning of the psychoanalytic
your analysis of this case, you will not only look deeper into Freud’s
psychoanalytic theory but also see how Jung’s neo-psychoanalytic theory
compares and contrasts with Freud’s theory.
Review the following:
The Case of Anna O.
of the first cases that inspired Freud in the development of what would
eventually become the Psychoanalytic Theory was the case of Anna O.
Anna O. was actually a patient of one of Freud’s colleagues Josef
Breuer. Using Breuer’s case notes, Freud was able to analyze the key
facts of Anna O’s case.
O. first developed her symptoms while she was taking care of her very
ill father with whom she was extremely close. Some of her initial
symptoms were loss of appetite to the extent of not eating, weakness,
anemia, and development a severe nervous cough. Eventually she developed
a severe optic headache and lost the ability to move her head, which
then progressed into paralysis of both arms. Her symptoms were not
solely physical as she would vacillate between a normal, mental state
and a manic-type state in which she would become extremely agitated.
There was even a notation of a time for which she hallucinated that the
ribbons in her hair were snakes.
the end of her father’s life she stopped speaking her native language
of German and instead only spoke in English. A little over a year after
she began taking care of her father he passed away. After his passing
her symptoms grew to affect her vision, a loss of ability to focus her
attention, more extreme hallucinations, and a number of suicidal
attempts (Hurst, 1982).
Freud and Jung would acknowledge that unconscious processes are at work
in this woman’s problems. However, they would come to different
conclusions about the origin of these problems and the method by which
she should be treated.
- Compare and contrast Freud’s view of the unconscious with Jung’s view and apply this case example in your explanations.
what specific points would they agree and disagree regarding the
purpose and manifestation of the unconscious in the case of Anna?
might they each approach the treatment of Anna? What might be those
specific interventions? How might Anna experience these interventions
considering her history?