Coral reef ecosystems are located all over the world in warm, clean,
clear and shallow tropical waters. They are often referred to as “the
tropical rainforest of the ocean” because of their rich biodiversity.
The largest coral reef is the Great Barrier Reef of Australia. Others
are around the Caribbean Islands, off the coast of Florida, off the
eastern coast of Africa, off the coast of Central America and also in
the Red Sea. These ecosystems are facing serious threats both natural
and man-made and the biodiversity in many of these areas is changing.
Discuss any two serious problems that are affecting the coral reefs
in the world today. Suggest solutions to these concerns. List your
references (at least three references are required).