The international financial regulatory community has negotiated three BASEL Accords through the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision within the Bank for International Settlements. The third of these is still being implemented, with some aspects still under consideration and development.
EXAMINE BRIEFLY the history of, and purposes for, the three BASEL Accords. In particular, NOTE the purposes for the most recent BASEL Accord.
SUMMARISE BRIEFLY the outcomes from the first two BASEL Accords.
FOCUS ON the difficulties and successes with implementation of the Accords and any unintended consequences that may have arisen as a result of their implementation. Accordingly, also NOTE any criticisms or doubts about the effectiveness or otherwise of the BASEL III Accord.
COMMENT ON any role the Accords may have had in contributing to the Global Financial Crisis that commenced in 2007 and note any commentary on the success or otherwise of the BASEL regime.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) was established under an international agreement reached during the Second World War. Despite the enormous changes that have taken place in the global economy since that time, the IMF continues to be an effective voice in the regulation of the global capital market.
DISCUSS briefly the creation, development and purpose of the IMF and its current role in the modern global economy, with specific focus on its input into capital market regulation.
In particular, BRIEFLY EXAMINE the IMF’s system of Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and provide an example of the use made of these convertible currency instruments.
SPECIFIC mention must be made of any international agreements relevant to the IMF that have been entered into related to either the IMF or SDR’s.
The Interbank lending market is fundamental to the flow of liquid assets through the global prudential system. At the beginning of the GFC, an almost unprecedented situation arose with relation to this system which altered how governments and private entities viewed its importance.
Briefly DESCRIBE the ‘Interbank Lending Market’ and OUTLINE its function in the international capital market. Specific mention should be made of any major organisations that are involved in this market.
EXPLAIN BRIEFLY how difficulties in the Interbank Lending Market may have contributed to or exacerbated the effects of the global financial crisis.